Portugal Flags

The Flag for Portugal was adopted on June 30, 1911.
The Flag of Portugal is a rectangular bicolor. It has two vertical bands of green (covering about two-fifths on the hoist side) and red (covering three-fifths on the fly side), with the national coat of arms (armillary sphere and Portuguese shield), centered on the dividing line.
The centered shield symbolizes ocean exploration and the expansion of Portugal's influence during the reign of King Afonso Henriques. The descriptions colors meaning are vague, but a general interpretation is: the green color symbolizes King Henry the Navigator, a famed Portuguese explorer, and also represent hope for the future. Red symbolizes internal revolution of the early 1800s and the blood of the martyrs who fought for nation. The flag has a width-to-length ratio of 2:3.
The initial flag was recorded in Portugal was mainly cast-off as a personal banner. It consist a blue cross on a white background. This banner carried by the Count when he fought the battles against the Moors. The first Counts son doped the same banner but modified one by adding five sets of silver bezants to the cross to represent his power as he became the first emperor of Portugal. When King Alonso III became the king in 1248, he reserved the blue cross as the main symbol of Portugal. King Alonso III fused the previous Coat of Arms with the Castilian Coat of Arms and shaped his emblem. This emblem contained a cross of five blue shields and positioned on a white field that was enclosed by a red border. The Coat of Arms and banner was used until the rule of Maria II in 1830 when a present flag was adopted. In this Portugal flag, the coat of arms was positioned on a split field of white and blue colors. This flag used until the end of the monarchical governance. The current flag was announced as a national flag after Portugal became state.

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